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每日阅读2021.10.13

2021-10-13 22:55:13

For most of the 20th century, Asia asked itself what it could learn from the modern, innovating West. Now the question must be reversed. What can the West’s overly indebted and sluggish (经济滞长的) nations learn from a flourishing Asia?

  Just a few decades ago, Asia’s two giants were stagnating(停滞不前) under faulty economic ideologies. However, once China began embracing free-market reforms in the 1980s, followed by India in the 1990s, both countries achieved rapid growth. Crucially, as they opened up their markets, they balanced market economy with sensible government direction. As the Indian economist Amartya Sen has wisely said, “The invisible hand of the market has often relied heavily on the visible hand of government.”(亚洲国家经济的腾飞离不开政府)

  Contrast this middle path with America and Europe, which have each gone ideologically over-board in their own ways. Since the 1980s, America has been increasingly clinging to the ideology of uncontrolled free markets and dismissing the role of government---following Ronald Regan’s idea that “government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem. “Of course, when the markets came crashing down in 2007, it was decisive government intervention that saved the day. Despite this fact, many Americans are still strongly opposed to “big government.”

  If Americans could only free themselves from their antigovernment doctrine, they would begin to see that the America’s problems are not insoluble. A few sensible federal measures could put the country back on the right path. A simple consumption tax of, say, 5% would significantly reduce the country’s huge government deficit without damaging productivity. A small gasoline tax would help free America from its dependence on oil imports and create incentives for green energy development. In the same way, a significant reduction of wasteful agricultural subsidies could also lower the deficit. But in order to take advantage of these common-sense solutions, Americans will have to put aside their own attachment to the idea of smaller government and less regulation. American politicians will have to develop the courage to follow what is taught in all American public-policy schools: that there are good taxes and bad taxes. Asian countries have embraced this wisdom, and have built sound long-term fiscal (财政的) policies as a result.

Meanwhile, Europe has fallen prey to a different ideological trap: the belief that European governments would always have infinite resources and could continue borrowing as if there were no tomorrow.(月光族) Unlike the Americans, who felt that the markets knew best, the Europeans failed to anticipate how the markets would react to their endless borrowing. Today, the European Union is creating a $580 billion fund to ward off sovereign collapse. This will buy the EU time, but it will not solve the bloc’s larger problem.

  • 单词
  1. crucially -adv 关键性地
  2. sensible -adv 明智的;理智的;合理的
  3. contrast -n 明显的差异;对比;-v 对比;对照
  4. ideologically -adv 思想上;意识形态上
  5. intervention -n 干涉
  6. antigovernment -n 反政府
  7. doctrine -n 教条;主义
  8. insoluble -adj 无法解决的
  9. federal -adj 联邦的 -n联邦主义者
  10. deficit -n赤字;亏损;逆差
  11. gasoline -n汽油
  12. infinite -adj 无限的;极大的
  13. anticipate -v 预料;预期
  14. sovereign -n君主;-adj有主权的

句子

  1. American politicians will have to develop the courage to follow what is taught in all American public-policy schools: that there are good taxes and bad taxes.

美国政界人士必须鼓起勇气,遵循美国所有公共政策学校的教导:有好税也有坏税。